History Chp 10 The Plantations

Term Definition
Plantations take land from the Irish and handing it over to loyal subjects to the crown
Papist loyal to the Pope
Surrender and Regrant A policy introduced by King Henry VIII whereby Gaelic chieftains swore an oath of allegiance to the king in return for a title.
Brehon Law Law followed by the Gaelic chieftains.
Queen Mary I Ordered the first plantations in Laois-Offaly
Queen Elizabeth I Ordered the Munster Plantation.
King James I Ordered the Ulster Plantation
The Pale area of land from Bray to Dundalk that was controlled by the English
Black Rent money demanded by the Gaelic Irish in return for a promise not to attack farmers from the Pale.
Undertaker a man who received land in the Plantation and promised to follow the rules of the Plantation.
The Nine Years War A rebellion between the English and the O'Neills and O'Donnells.
The Battle of Kinsale The English army defeated the Gaelic families O'Neills and O'Donnells
Flight of the Earls the Gaelic Earls of Ulster left Ireland rather than be ruled by the English.
Servitor A person who received land in the Ulster plantation in return for serving in the English army during the Nine Years War.
London Trade Guilds Guilds such as blacksmiths and tanners moved to Derry.
Adventurer A person who financed the Plantation and received land in return.
Omagh, Enniskillen and Belfast Planned towns.
Flax Crop grown to make linen
Arable farming Growing crops

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