History of Europe Terms for History of Europe Unit

Term Definition
Allies the victorious alliance of nations in World War I and World War II
armistice a formal ceasefire
Central Powers the defeated alliance of nations in World War I
communism a sociopolitical model wherein all property is publicly owned and workers are paid according to their abilities and needs
depression in economics, a long-term, sustained downturn in economic activity
fascism a political movement supporting strong, authoritarian government dictatorship
Lenin, Vladimir leader of the communist revolution in Russia during World War I
Nazism a political movement in Germany, from the end of World War I through the end of World War II, which was a totalitarian government with racial supremacy
Soviet Union a group of communist countries in Eastern Europe, led by Russia, from the time of the Russian Revolution until its collapse in 1991 at the end of the Cold War
Treaty of Versailles the 1919 treaty signed by Germany which formally brought World War I to an end
World War I also known as the “Great War” or the “War to End all Wars,” a global conflict occurring between 1914 and 1918, primarily in Europe
ghetto a cordoned off area of city where Jews were isolated from the rest of the German population
Axis the defeated alliance of nations in World War II
anti-semitism racial bias or prejudice against Jews
concentration camp general term for a Nazi-controlled detention center where Jews, and other people were detained, used as forced labor, and exterminated
Hitler, Adolf chancellor of Germany and leader of the Nazi regime during World War II
Holocaust the Nazi internment, forced labor, and extermination of nearly 11 million people during World War II, an estimated 6 million of whom were Jews
propaganda information, usually misleading or biased, designed to promote a particular political ideology
World War II a global conflict occurring between 1939 and 1945
Cold War a time of political hostility between countries of United States and the Soviet Union without an outright declaration of war
Berlin the capital of Germany
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) the official name of West Germany during the Cold War
German Democratic Republic (GDR) the official name of East Germany during the Cold War
Communist Bloc communist states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War
Iron Curtain a term by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill describing divide between west and east Europe (and world)
Berlin Wall a 91-mile wall surrounding West Berlin from 1961 through 1989
German reunification the joining of West and East Germany into a single nation in 1990

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