Term Definition
personification a figure of speech that gives human traits to something nonhuman
speaker the voice of a poem that communicates to the reader
simile a figure of speech that compares two apparently unlike things using like or as
metaphor a figure of speech that compares two apparently unlike things WITHOUT using like or as
meter the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poetic line
rhyme scheme a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem formed at the ends of the lines–to describe it one uses a letter of the alphabet to represent each rhyming sound
alliteration the repetition of beginning consonant sounds (like silly Sally or dusk of impending death)
internal rhyme the rhyme that occurs when rhyming words fall within the same line of a poem
assonance the repetition of similar vowel sounds within non-rhyming words like low and ghost
consonance the repetition of consonant sounds in words within a line, like fall and faithful
imagery descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five senses–sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell.
approximate or slant rhyme a rhyme that occurs when end rhymes are similar, but not exact, as in prove and glove
onomatopoeia the use of words that imitate sound, like boom or swish.
apostrophe when the speaker addresses an absent person as if present or addresses a a personified quality or object
symbol a concrete object that represents an abstract ideal
caesura a pause or sudden stop in a line of poetry
enjambment the running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another
Free verse poetry that does not have regular meter or rhyme scheme
Lyric poetry that expresses observations and feelings of a single speaker
narrative poetry that tells a story

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