psychology 1

Question Answer
thinking an unobservable activity in which a person reorganizes past experiences through the use of symbols and concepts
symbol an object, act or sound that represents something else
concept the meaning that we associate with symbols
jean Piget broke down the way we reacted to our environment in to two different processes assimilation accommodation
assimilation handling new experiences and situations based on past experiences
accommodation changing the way we think and the way we react to things in order to adapt to new and different situations in our lives
uncritical thinking (1) a way of thinking that is limited
uncritical thinking (2) a way of thinking that lacks process of accommodation
delusion false belief a person has despite evidence or proof that what they believe is not rue
creative thinking non routine directed thinking in which people seek new solutions to problems or they seek new forms of artistic expressions
4 steps that are helpful to all creative thinking 1. preparation stage 2.thought reflection 3.inspiration 4. verification and revision
preparation stage gather information, collect facts
thought reflection when you know what needs to be done but your not doing anything about it: procrastination
inspiration when you stop being in the thought reflection stage and you start working on stuff again
verification and revision after you gather information you evaluate it and make any changes that need to be made
4 conditions that help to develop creativity 1.creating an environment that stimulates thinking 2. creating an environment that encourages originality 3. creating an environment that allows a person to think and act freely 4. give recognition for creativity and out of the box thinking
direct thinking thinking that's aimed at solving a problem or reaching a correct decision
day dreaming process of wakeful fantasizing; usually pleasurable
imagination the reorganization and the reproduction of past experiences to form present ideas
key to solving a problem 1. first knowing what the problem 2. know and understand the characteristics of a problem
ways that affect your ability to solve problems 1. using past experiences
most important factor in solving a problem having the ability to look at a problem from more than one perspective (divergent thinking)- in order to be a divergent thinker you have to have the ability to reason
reasoning the ability to comprehend and think in an orderly or rational way
2 different types of reasoning inductive reasoningdeductive reasoning
inductive reasoning process of reasoning that moves from specific situations to general principles
deductive reasoning process that moves from general principles to specific situations

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