Unit 1 Study Guide

Question Answer
Copperheads Northern Democrats. who opposed the American Civil War.
Emancipation Proclamation This was made on January 1, 1863. This was made by President Abe Lincoln. It states that all slaves in the rebellious states “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
Total War This is "war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded."
War of Attrition To push the army and rid of the other sides advantages.
Amnesty This means forgetfulness or passing over.
Black Codes The Black Codes were laws passed by Democrat-controlled Southern states after the Civil War. These laws had were to restrict African Americans' freedom, and to compel them to work on low wages or debt.
Carpetbaggers A northerner who moved to the south after the American Civil War.
Sharecroppers Sharecropping is a form of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
Compromise of 1877 This was when the African American votes played a huge roll in the election. This led to the election of Ulyessees S. Grant.
Reconstruction acts These were all the acts made during the reconstruction era.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Disease and infection killed more soldiers than war did.
What is the Anaconda Plan? This was a strategy used for suppressing the Confederacy at the beginning of the American Civil War. To surround and trap them slowly closing in like an anaconda.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? Copperheads.
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Laws that enforced racial segregation.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? This was an attempt to avoid Civil War.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? It created "Separate but equal". In other words it prolonged segregation.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) Brittany and France.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? General Albert Sidney Johnston.
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) At first he was brave but soon his campaign started unraveling.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? 1864
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Emancipation Proclamation.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? This was an infantry regiment that saw alot of service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Where did the South surrender? They surrendered in Appomattox.
What is Reconstruction? To improve or enhance a model.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth.
What did the 13th Amendment do? This was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865. It abolished slavery in the United States.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *