Skeletal System skeletal organization

How many parts are there? 2axiel and appendicular
Parts of Axial skeleton::A labeled Asupport and protect organs of head, neck, and trunk
A– skull consists of cranial and facial bones
A–hyoid bone located in neck below jawsupports and attaches to muscle that move tongue
A–vertebral column(backbone) consists of many vertebrae that connectfuse together at bottom to form sacrum
A–thoracic cage protects visera of thoracic cavity and upper abdomen. 12 pairs (24 ribs) connect to sternum and vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton AP labeled APbones of upper and lower limbs and bones that attach them to axiel
AP–pectoral girdle consists of scapula and clavicleconnects to upper limbs
AP–upper limbs humerus, radius, ulna, 8 carpals, metacarpals, and the phalanges
AP–pelvic girdle 2 hip bonesConnects to lower limbs forms pelvis
AP–lower limbs femur, tibia, fibula, 7 tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges

Weathering & Erosion

Question Answer
Form when limestone is dissolved by acidic waters caves and sinkholes
Examples of soft rocks that are affected by acidic waters: marble and limestone
rapid movement of a large amount of rock and soil landslide
What is erosion? movement of fragments of rock and soil
What are four forces of erosion? water, wind, ice, and gravity
What factors speed up chemical weathering? warm temperatures, abundant rainfall, and thick vegetation
What is the other name for mechanical weathering? physical weathering
There are two types of weathering, what are they? chemical and mechanical
What factors speed up physical weathering? cool climates
What is frost wedging? Repeated freezing and thawing of water in cracks that physically breaks apart rock.
What is weathering? breaking down or changing materials
Why does an object with a larger surface area break down faster? A larger area is exposed to weathering forces.
Name the three different kinds of rock. metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary
How does igneous rock form? cooling and crystallization of magma
How does sedimentary rock form? compacting and cementing of sediments
How does metamorphic rock form? heat and pressure deep in the earth
How does magma form? melting of solid rock
How does sediment form? weathering of rock
What is transpiration? Water evaporating from plants
What is infiltration? Water soaking into the soil.
What types of water movement are due to gravity? assimilation, runoff, infiltration, precipitation
How does the rate of precipitation affect infiltration? If rain falls too fast then the soil becomes saturated and water ca no longer infiltrate it, then it becomes runoff.
Does water use energy or release energy to go from solid to liquid to gas? use
Does water become more or less mobile going from solid, to liquid, to gas? More
Why does it require more energy to change water from solid, to liquid, to gas? because the water molecules are becoming more mobile.
What slows runoff and increases infiltration? vegetation

Unit 1 Study Guide

Question Answer
Copperheads Northern Democrats. who opposed the American Civil War.
Emancipation Proclamation This was made on January 1, 1863. This was made by President Abe Lincoln. It states that all slaves in the rebellious states “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
Total War This is "war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded."
War of Attrition To push the army and rid of the other sides advantages.
Amnesty This means forgetfulness or passing over.
Black Codes The Black Codes were laws passed by Democrat-controlled Southern states after the Civil War. These laws had were to restrict African Americans' freedom, and to compel them to work on low wages or debt.
Carpetbaggers A northerner who moved to the south after the American Civil War.
Sharecroppers Sharecropping is a form of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
Compromise of 1877 This was when the African American votes played a huge roll in the election. This led to the election of Ulyessees S. Grant.
Reconstruction acts These were all the acts made during the reconstruction era.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Disease and infection killed more soldiers than war did.
What is the Anaconda Plan? This was a strategy used for suppressing the Confederacy at the beginning of the American Civil War. To surround and trap them slowly closing in like an anaconda.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? Copperheads.
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Laws that enforced racial segregation.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? This was an attempt to avoid Civil War.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? It created "Separate but equal". In other words it prolonged segregation.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) Brittany and France.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? General Albert Sidney Johnston.
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) At first he was brave but soon his campaign started unraveling.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? 1864
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Emancipation Proclamation.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? This was an infantry regiment that saw alot of service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Where did the South surrender? They surrendered in Appomattox.
What is Reconstruction? To improve or enhance a model.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth.
What did the 13th Amendment do? This was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865. It abolished slavery in the United States.

unit 5

Question Answer
Marketing Research Marketing research is the systematic gathering, recording, and analysis of data about issues relating to marketing products and services.
Marketing Information System A set of procedures and methods for the regular, plannedcollection, analysis, and presentation of information for use in making management decisions.
Observation Method A method of data collection in which the situation of interest is watched and the relevant facts, actions, or behaviors recorded.
Primary Data The information collected specifically for the purpose of the investigation at hand.
Quantitative Research research that uses numerical analysis. In essence, this approachreduces the data into numbers.
Qualitative Research -Data- gathering techniques that are focused on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves
Reliability Determines how consistently an instrument yields similar results under varying conditions. If a measure has high reliability, it yields consistent results.
Secondary Data The statistics not gathered for the immediate study at hand but for some other purpose.
Validity The degree to which the instrument measures what it’s supposed to measure.
Focus Group A personal interview conducted among a small number of individuals simultaneously; the interview relies more on group discussion than on a series of directedquestions to generate data. It is also called group in-depth interview.

unit 5

Question Answer
Marketing Research -Marketing research is the systematic gathering, recording, and analysis of data about issues relating to marketing products and services.
Marketing Information System A set of procedures and methods for the regular, plannedcollection, analysis, and presentation of information for use in making management decisions.
Observation Method A method of data collection in which the situation of interest is watched and the relevant facts, actions, or behaviors recorded.
Primary Data The information collected specifically for the purpose of the investigation at hand.
Quantitative Research research that uses numerical analysis. In essence, this approachreduces the data into numbers.
Qualitative Research -Data- gathering techniques that are focused on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves
Reliability Determines how consistently an instrument yields similar results under varying conditions. If a measure has high reliability, it yields consistent results.
Secondary Data The statistics not gathered for the immediate study at hand but for some other purpose.
Validity The degree to which the instrument measures what it’s supposed to measure.
Focus Group A personal interview conducted among a small number of individuals simultaneously; the interview relies more on group discussion than on a series of directed questions to generate data. It is also called group in-depth interview.

Final

Question Answer
What term defines salaries or commissions for yourself and your employees including payroll taxes Compensation
How many methods of electrolysis are currently available 3
What muscle causes the thumb to move toward the fingers and allows the hand to grasp or make a fist Opponens
What action occurs during the ask analyze and assess phase Observe the skin
What is a measurement of the degree of magnification in skincare lamps is known as Diopter
A machine that uses pressurized steam to sterilize critical implements is referred to as Autoclave
a fibrous protein which prevents skin from sagging is Elastin
A mixture of two or more compounds in which each component is evenly dispersed is called a Solution
For a more dramatic cleaner looking eyebrow it is recommended that an esthetician use a Pencil
Which of the following term refers to recommending and providing the best product for a client to purchase Retailing
What should be done to create the illusion of an oval face if a client has a square face shape Shade area directly below cheekbones and blend towards Center of jawline
What is the control center of the cell's activities called Nucleus
Direct steam over the client's face is used to provide which of the following benefits To expand pores and soften the skin
What phase of service involves soliciting feedback recommending a home care regimen and scheduling the clients next appointment Completion
The eyebrow shaping guidelines state that the distance between the eyebrows should be Equal to the width of the eye
Chemical exfoliation includes the use of either of the following substances name three Enzyme Alpha hydroxy acid and natural substances
Is an abrasive scrub a chemical exfoliation No
When having a waxing service which condition is considered highly contagious Active herpes
What is a highly contagious viral infection that causes blister like outbreaks Herpes simplex
What skincare product reduces friction and provides slip to the skin during massage Massage cream oil
What is the most important factor to consider when choosing a mask that is appropriate for the client's skin Key ingredients
The body system that generates New Life to perpetuate the species is known as Reproductive system
Appropriate nutrient intake is referred to as Recommended dietary allowances
Bacteria creates spores to protect themselves in unfavorable conditions during which stage Inactive stage
Utility supplies cost of promotions Postage and taxes are identified as which types of cost Variable
What is the first step in the event of a heat burn that does not break the skin Immerse burn area in Cool Water
According to the statistics what percentage of all purchase stems from impulse buying 45 to 65%
Galvanic high-frequency faradic and sinusoidal are the four types of Current
What is considered a warm undertone Light Peach
A primary component of the Skins cells is a protein substance called Keratin
And unique atomizer that allows for the appliance of various herbs extracts and astringents is Electric pulverizer
What is the liquid part of a solution called
Solvent

FMS USTEST3

Question Answer
System of bringing new states to Unioin. It promoted public education and banned slavery Northwest Ordinance
Why the Articles of Confederation was created with weaknesses There was a fear of a strong, powerful government
The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to this meeting The Constitutional Convention
Shay's Rebellion united the states because The states wanted to make a national change in the government
The state of Franklin failed because North Carolina did not want to give up the land
The Founding Fathers wanted to revise the Articles of Confederation because Shay's Rebellion proved the weakness of the government
The Three-Fifths Compromise Counted slaves as three-fifths of a person
Define Federalism Powers shared by local and national government
The Great Compromise combined these two plans New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan
The Great Compromise balanced issues with this difference Large and small populations
The President can veto a bill based on this principle of the Constitution Checks and Balances
Why is New Hampshire important in regards to the Constitution They were the 9th state to ratify
Why is Delaware important in regards to the Constitution They were the 1st state to ratify
Antifederalists were upset about the Constitution because it did not address this issue Individual rights
The fifth amendment to the Constitution protects Criminals from testifying against themselves in court
Washington's Farewell Address warned against Political parties, National Debt, and alliances with foreign nations
Define Domestic Inside one's country
This caused farmers to lash out in what is known as the Whiskey Rebellion Taxes on whiskey
Washington believed that the US should not take sides with any European countries that were at war Neutrality Proclamation
This settled the disputes between US and Great Britain in the early 1790s Jay's Treaty
Pickney's Treaty settled this The border and trade disputes with Spain
The differences between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton led to The formation of political parties in the US
This showed President Adam's unwillingness to go to war XYZ Affair
The Alien and Sedition Acts were intended to Crush opposition to the federal government
Alexander Hamilton, a "loose interpreter" of the Constitution wanted a Strong, central government
Thomas Jefferson, a "strict interpreter" of the Constitution wanted a Government limited power
The trial of John Peter Zenger represents which Bill of Right 1st
George Washington created a Cabinet to Have a group of people he trusted in government
There is flexibility in the Constitution based of of this clause The Elastic Clause

Israel

Question Answer
What was the relationship between the philistines and the twelve tribes The tribes feared the philistines (enemies)
Why would the Israelites want a king To unite/lead them
What was samuels warning about kings He warned that the king would tax the Israelites and make them slaves.
What prophet anointed Saul? How did he do it? Samuel. He blessed him in oil
Why was Saul not a successful king? He displeased God by disobeying some of his commands
Who followed Saul as king? The Israelites
Describe the life of David and his relationship with Saul Saul was a shepherd. He also killed Goliath. He was also the general of the army- he never lost a battle. Saul grew envious and plotted to kill David. David took the throne in about 1000 B.C
Accomplishments and failures of Soloman AccomplishmentsBuilt stone temple in Jerusalem. Also known for wise sayings (proverbs)FailuresHe taxed people to pay for his great buildingsTo get more money he made young men worn in the mines of a neighboring country
What happens after Solomona??s death? The Northerners rebelled and fighting broke out. Ten of the Twelve tribes set of their own nation in the North. It was called the kingdom of Israel. The other two tribes founded Judah.
Explain the role of the Chaldeans and Assyrians They were building empires in Southwest Asia
Who were the Prophets The Prophets wanted to bring the Israelites back to Gods laws
What caused the Fall of Israel Assyrians conquered Israel and scattered the the 10 tribes and their empire
Why did Judah fall Egyptians conquered it.
Who conquered Egypt The Chaldeans
Who takes 10,000 Israelites and enslaved them in Babylon? Nebuchadnezzar
What does Nebuchadnezzar do to the temple He destroys it
Who built a kingdom in Canaan in about 1000 B.C.? Israelites
Believing in one god is also known as Monotheism
Followers of Judaism are also known as Jews
What other religions did Judaism influence and what did it do? Influenced Christianity and Islam. It helped shape beliefs and practices
Where did the Israelites come from/ where did they settle/ Who lead them? They came from Mesopotamia and settled in Cannan. Abraham lead them. They believed they were descendants from Abraham
What was the promise They promise to worship one true god and land of Canaan would be promised to Abraham and his descendants in return.
Whats Abrahams grandsons name Jacob. He was also called Israel which means a??one who struggles with god.a?? Later this name was given to his descendants
Where is Canaan now Ita??s current day Israel
How many sons did Jacob raise? What will they become? 12. They will become the 12 Tribes Of Israel
Why did the Israelites live in Israel for 100 years before moving to Egypt? Drought
Who was found hidden in a basket on the riverbank as a baby Moses
Who found Moses The Pharaohs daughter
What did Moses sew in 1290 B.C. He saw a burning bush and heard a voice. He believed it was God telling him to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.
What did god send to get Pharaoh to release the Israelites? He sent the 10 plagues to trouble Egypt
What did the last plague that god sent do? It would kill all first born children except for those of Israelites who marked their doorway with lambs blood.
Who parted the Red Sea and why? God, to let his people pass
When Moses went to Mount Sinai what did he receive? Laws from god, also known as the Torah. Later, they became the first part of the Hebrew Bible.
What did the Torah describe? a covenant, or an agreement with God
What did god promise if they followed the laws? He promised to return the Israelites to Canaan
What did the Torah explain? It explained right and wrong by God
What was the most important part of the Torah? The Ten Commandments
What did the Ten Commandments help develope? A belief called Rule Of Law where laws apply to everyone equally
When does exile occur? It occurs when people are forced to leave their homeland
When did Jews meet each week On the Sabbath. A day of worship and rest, in a synagogue or house of worship
what happened in 538 B.C. after the Persians defeated the Chaldeans and took control of Babylon King Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to Judah
Who did Jews look to to run their society Priests and Scholars
What scribe were the Jews under when they wrote the five books of the Torah Ezra
What does the Hebrew Bible consist of The TorahThe ProphetsAnd 34 other books
What does the book of Genesis tell us It tells us how God punished people for bad behavior. Noah is in the book of Genesis. It also explains why the world has different languages
What does the book of Daniel remind the Jews? That God will rescue them
Who came in control of Judah in 331 B.C.? Alexander the Great
What did Alexander introduce to the Jews who stayed in Judah The Greek language
What does the diaspora refer to? It refers to the Jews who lived outside of Judah. Diaspora means scattered BITCHHCHCHCHCHHC.
What did the diaspora Jews copy? They copied the Hebrew Bible into Greek
What did the Greek ruler Antiochus want the Jews to worship He wanted the Jews to worship Greek gods and goddesses.
What did the priest Judas do to fight the Greeks? Him and his followers formed an army called the Maccabees to fight the Greeks
What did the Maccabees do? They drove the Greeks out of Judah. They removed the evidence of the Gods and Goddesses from their temple. Each year Jews recall the cleansing of the temple, also known as Hanukkah
When do boys mitzvahs? At age 13. This is when they become accountable for their actions
What is the Kashrut? Jewish laws that stated that Jews could eat only certain foods
What certain animals can Jews eat? Beef, lamb, and certain scaly fish
What is Kosher? It is food that is prepared according to Jewish law. The meat must be killed a certain way as well as he inspected, salted, and soaked.
What do Jewish mens? wear? A kippah or yarmulke as well as tunics and sandals. They wore kippahs because of the belief a??cover your head in order that the fear of heaven may be upon youa??
In 63B.C what did the Romans do? They conquered Judah and renamed it Judaea
What was King Herod of Judaea, the most famous ruler of Judaea, known for? The additions he made to the Jewish temple in Jerusalem
After Herods death the romans replaced Jewish Kings with? Roman officials
When were the Dead Sea scrolls found and what did they describe? Near the Dead Sea in 1947 A.D. they described Judaism during Roman times.

Med Term 14

Term Definition
Proxim- Nearest
Scol- Curved
Apo- Away from
Di- Twice
Dia- Through
Eury- Broad
Pect- Chest
Necr- Dead
Mi- Less
Morph- Form
Dis- Apart
Fac- Make, do
Lept- Slender
Lymph- Watery fluid
Meta- Beyond
-Rrhag Burst, burst forth
Sta- Stand
Ton- Stretch
Volv- To roll
Splanchn- Internal organs
-Rrhe Flow
Med- Middle
Xer- Dry
Per- Throughout
Blast- Bud